Bill Wohler: Publications
Additional publications acknowledging my work on Kepler, TESS, SOFIA, and Ziggy can be found on arXiv .


  1. J. Peek, B. Wohler, B. Welch, MH & xmh: Email for Users and Programmers, Third Edition, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., Sebastopol, CA, 1995.
  2. MH Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) with Answers,, 1991-present.
  3. NN Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) with Answers,, 1991-2000.

NASA - Ziggy


  1. Suárez Mascareño et al. (2024) TESS and ESPRESSO discover a super-Earth and a mini-Neptune orbiting the K-dwarf TOI-238, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 685:A56.
  2. Benjamin K. Capistrant et al. (2024) TESS Hunt for Young and Maturing Exoplanets (THYME) XI: An Earth-sized Planet Orbiting a Nearby, Solar-like Host in the 400Myr Ursa Major Moving Group, The Astronomical Journal, 167, 54.
  3. I. Carleo et al. (2023) The GAPS Programme at TNG L – TOI-4515 b: An eccentric warm Jupiter orbiting a 1.2 Gyr-old G-star.
  4. Melissa J. Hobson et al. (2023) TOI-199 b: A well-characterized 100-day transiting warm giant planet with TTVs seen from Antarctica.
  5. Nataliea Lowson et al. (2023) Two mini-Neptunes Transiting the Adolescent K-star HIP 113103 Confirmed with TESS and CHEOPS.
  6. Ismael Mireles et al. (2023) TOI-4600 b and c: Two long-period giant planets orbiting an early K dwarf.
  7. A Tuson et al. (2023) TESS and CHEOPS discover two warm sub-neptunes transiting the bright k-dwarf HD 15906. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 523(2):3090–3118.
  8. Trifon Trifonov et al. (2023) TOI-2525 b and c: A pair of massive warm giant planets with a strong transit timing variations revealed by TESS.
  9. Collin Cherubim et al. (2023) TOI-1695 b: A Water World Orbiting an Early M Dwarf in the Planet Radius Valley. The Astronomical Journal, 165(4):167.
  10. J. V. Harre et al. (2022) Examining the orbital decay targets KELT-9 b, KELT-16 b and WASP-4 b, and the transit-timing variations of HD 97658 b.
  11. Luca Cacciapuoti et al. (2022) TESS discovery of a super-Earth and two sub-Neptunes orbiting the bright, nearby, Sun-like star HD 22946. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 668:A85.
  12. Carina M. Persson et al. (2022) TOI-2196 b: Rare planet in the hot Neptune desert transiting a G-type star. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 666:A184.
  13. Steven Giacalone et al. (2022) HD 56414 b: A warm Neptune transiting an A-type star. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 935(1):L10.
  14. Samuel K. Grunblatt et al. (2022) TESS giants transiting giants. II. the hottest Jupiters orbiting evolved stars. The Astronomical Journal, 163(3):120.
  15. Andrew W. Mann et al. (2022) TESS hunt for young and maturing exoplanets (THYME). VI. An 11 myr giant planet transiting a very-low-mass star in lower Centaurus Crux. The Astronomical Journal, 163(4):156.
  16. Maximilian N. Günther et al. (2022) Complex modulation of rapidly rotating young M dwarfs: Adding pieces to the puzzle. The Astronomical Journal, 163(4):144.
  17. Nicholas Scarsdale et al. (2021) TESS-Keck survey. v. twin sub-Neptunes transiting the nearby G star HD 63935. The Astronomical Journal, 162(5):215.
  18. Michael Fausnaugh et al. (2021) The TESS mission target selection procedure. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 133(1027):095002.
  19. C. Moutou et al. (2021) TOI-1296b and TOI-1298b observed with TESS and SOPHIE: two hot Saturn-mass exoplanets with different densities around metal-rich stars. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 653:A147.
  20. Benjamin J. Hord et al. (2021) A uniform search for nearby planetary companions to hot Jupiters in TESS data reveals hot Jupiters are still lonely. The Astronomical Journal, 162(6):263.
  21. Trifon Trifonov et al. (2021) A pair of warm giant planets near the 2:1 mean motion resonance around the K-dwarf star TOI-2202. The Astronomical Journal, 162(6):283.
  22. Jennifer A. Burt et al. (2021) TOI-1231 b: A temperate, Neptune-sized planet transiting the nearby M3 dwarf NLTT 24399. The Astronomical Journal, 162(3):87.
  23. Natalia M. Guerrero et al. (2021) The TESS objects of interest catalog from the TESS prime mission. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 254(2):39.
  24. Rebekah I. Dawson et al. (2021) Precise transit and radial-velocity characterization of a resonant pair: The warm Jupiter TOI-216c and eccentric warm Neptune TOI-216b. The Astronomical Journal, 161(4):161.
  25. Melissa J. Hobson et al. (2021) A transiting warm giant planet around the young active star TOI-201. The Astronomical Journal, 161(5):235.
  26. Benjamin M. Tofflemire et al. (2021) TESS hunt for young and maturing exoplanets (THYME). V. a sub-Neptune transiting a young star in a newly discovered 250 myr association. The Astronomical Journal, 161(4):171.
  27. Brian P. Powell et al. (2021) TIC 168789840: A sextuply eclipsing sextuple star system. The Astronomical Journal, 161(4):162.
  28. M. M. Fausnaugh et al. (2021) Early-time light curves of type ia supernovae observed with TESS. The Astrophysical Journal, 908(1):51.
  29. Sara Seager et al. (2021) HD 219134 revisited: Planet d transit upper limit and planet f transit nondetection with ASTERIA and TESS. The Astronomical Journal, 161(3):117.
  30. H. Parviainen et al. (2020) TOI-519 b: A short-period substellar object around an M dwarf validated using multicolour photometry and phase curve analysis. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 645:A16.
  31. Ian J. M. Crossfield et al. (2020) Phase curves of hot Neptune LTT 9779b suggest a high-metallicity atmosphere. The Astrophysical Journal, 903(1):L7.
  32. George Zhou et al. (2020) Two young planetary systems around field stars with ages between 20 and 320 myr from TESS. The Astronomical Journal, 161(1):2.
  33. L. G. Bouma et al. (2020) Cluster difference imaging photometric survey. II. TOI 837: A young validated planet in IC 2602. The Astronomical Journal, 160(5):239.
  34. L. G. Bouma et al. (2020) PTFO 8-8695: Two stars, two signals, no planet. The Astronomical Journal, 160(2):86.
  35. L. G. Bouma et al. (2019) WASP-4b arrived early for the TESS mission. The Astronomical Journal, 157(6):217.
  36. R. Luque et al. (2019) Planetary system around the nearby M dwarf GJ 357 including a transiting, hot, earth-sized planet optimal for atmospheric characterization. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 628:A39.
  37. Diana Dragomir et al. (2019) TESS delivers its first Earth-sized planet and a warm sub-Neptune. The Astrophysical Journal, 875(2):L7.
  38. Joseph E. Rodriguez et al. (2019) An eccentric massive Jupiter orbiting a subgiant on a 9.5-day period discovered in the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite full frame images. The Astronomical Journal, 157(5):191.
  39. L. D. Nielsen et al. (2019) A Jovian planet in an eccentric 11.5 day orbit around HD 1397 discovered by TESS. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 623:A100.
  40. Chelsea X. Huang et al. (2018) TESS discovery of a transiting super-earth in the pi mensae system. The Astrophysical Journal, 868(2):L39.


  1. Samuel N. Richards et al. (2018) SOFIA - HIRMES: Looking forward to the high-resolution mid-infrared spectrometer.
  2. C. Risacher et al. (2018) The upGREAT dual frequency heterodyne arrays for SOFIA. Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 07(04).

NASA - Kepler

  1. Steve Bryson et al. (2020) The occurrence of rocky habitable-zone planets around solar-like stars from Kepler data. The Astronomical Journal, 161(1):36.
  2. Joseph D. Twicken et al. (2018) Kepler data validation I–architecture, diagnostic tests, and data products for vetting transiting planet candidates. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 130(988):064502.
  3. Susan E. Thompson et al. (2018) Planetary candidates observed by Kepler. VIII. a fully automated catalog with measured completeness and reliability based on data release 25. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 235(2):38.
  4. Peter Tenenbaum et al. (2014) Detection of potential transit signals in 16 quarters of Kepler mission data. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 211(1):6.
  5. Peter Tenenbaum et al. (2012) Detection of potential transit signals in the first twelve quarters of Kepler mission data.
  6. E. B. Ford et al. (2012) Transit Timing Observations from Kepler. II. Confirmation of Two Multiplanet Systems via a Non-parametric Correlation Analysis, Astrophysical Journal 750:113.
  7. S. Mathur et al. (2012) A Uniform Asteroseismic Analysis of 22 Solar-type Stars Observed by Kepler, Astrophysical Journal 749:152.
  8. W. F. Welsh et al. (2011) KOI-54: The Kepler Discovery of Tidally Excited Pulsations and Brightenings in a Highly Eccentric Binary, Astrophysical Journal Supplement 197:4.
  9. V. Silva Aguirre et al. (2011) Constructing a one-solar-mass evolutionary sequence using asteroseismic data from Kepler, Astrophysical Journal Letters 740:L2.
  10. D. Latham et al. (2011) A First Comparison of Kepler Planet Candidates in Single and Multiple Systems, Astrophysical Journal Letters 732:L24.
  11. W. J. Chaplin et al. (2011) Evidence for the Impact of Stellar Activity on the Detectability of Solar-like Oscillations Observed by Kepler, Astrophysical Journal Letters 732:L5.
  12. J. Jenkins et al. (2010) Discovery and Rossiter–McLaughlin Effect of Exoplanet Kepler-8b, Astrophysical Journal Letters 724:L1108.
  13. C. Middour et al. (2010) Kepler Science Operations Center Architecture, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 77401A.
  14. T. Klaus et al. (2010) Kepler Science Operations Center pipeline framework, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 77401B.
  15. T. Klaus et al. (2010) The Kepler Science Operations Center pipeline framework extensions, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 774018.
  16. S. McCauliff et al. (2010) The Kepler DB, a database management system for arrays, sparse arrays, and binary data, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 77400M.
  17. H. Wu et al. (2010) Data validation in the Kepler Science Operations Center pipeline, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 774019.
  18. J. Li et al. (2010) Photometer performance assessment in Kepler science data processing, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 77401T.
  19. B. Clarke et al. (2010) A framework for propagation of uncertainties in the Kepler data analysis pipeline, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7740, 774020.
  20. J. Jenkins et al. (2010) Overview of the Kepler Science Processing Pipeline, Astrophysical Journal Letters 713:L87.

SD Forum

  1. (2005) Web-Based Architectures: Where Things Are and Where They're Going, SDForum Newsletter, San Jose, CA, September.
  2. Eye-Tracking Technology and Analytics, SDForum Newsletter, San Jose, CA, September, 2005.
  3. Are You Agile or Are You Fragile?, SDForum Newsletter, San Jose, CA, June, 2003.
  4. Lutris: The Enhydra Java/XML Application Server, SDForum Newsletter, San Jose, CA, April 2000.
  5. A Chat with James Gosling, SDForum Newsletter, San Jose, CA, Feb. 2000.


  1. A Java/Swing GUI Framework, White paper, iSharp Inc., San Carlos, CA, 2001.


  1. Datafusion Software Conventions, White paper, Datafusion, San Francisco, CA, 1997.
  2. Datafusion Configuration Management, White paper, Datafusion, San Francisco, CA, 1997.


  1. Email References.
  2. Worldtalk Connector for the Internet: Delivery Status Notifications (DSN) Functional Specification, White paper, Worldtalk Corporation, Santa Clara, CA 1997.
  3. Worldtalk Connector for the Internet: IMAC: Internet Message Access Control, White paper, Worldtalk Corporation, Santa Clara, CA 1997.
  4. Worldtalk Internet Mail Gateway: 8-bit Character Support Extension, White paper, Worldtalk Corporation, Santa Clara, CA 1996.
  5. Security Issues for Messaging, Section 2.1.3 "Gateways," Electronic Messaging Association, 1995.
  6. Worldtalk Internet Mail Gateway: Administration User Interface Definition, White paper, Worldtalk Corporation, Santa Clara, CA 1995.


  1. Connecting SAP to the Internet Securely, White paper, SAP AG, Walldorf, Germany, 1993.

SRI International

  1. Software Conventions and Process, White paper, 2000.
  2. A Software Organization called SWORG, White paper, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1989.
  3. N. Knolle, M. Fong, R. Lang, K. Williams, K. Nitz, A. Algustyniak, B. Wohler, Object-Oriented Development Environments, White paper, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1988.
  4. G. Hastie, P. Homburger, D. Lee, D. Mason, G. Skinner, and W. Wohler, Exercise Crested Eagle 88 After-Action Report, (TRW contract DC3398A47L), SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1988.
  5. T. Barker, M. Brown, R. Gilligan, J. Rininger, C. Tran, W. Wohler, Software Specification for the SAC C³ Testbed, (DARPA contract F-30602-85-C-0073), SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1986.
  6. T. Barker, D. Cone, B. Fair, K. Poulsen, R. Reining, J. Rininger, C. Tran, W. Wohler, Final Report of the Command, Control, and Communications Testbed for the Strategic Air Command, (DARPA contract F-30602-83-C-0027), SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1986.